Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19
As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Delta Specialty Hospital to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, on-site visitation is no longer allowed at Delta Specialty Hospital.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • We are offering visitation through telehealth services so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services are being vetted and may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html

Schizoaffective Disorder Signs, Symptoms & Effects

Delta Specialty Hospital helps individuals struggling with a mental health disorder build a strong foundation for long-term recovery. Serving Memphis, TN, Delta is the leading provider of mental health treatment.

Understanding Schizoaffective Disorder

Learn about schizoaffective disorder

Schizoaffective disorder is a severe mental illness that involves the same psychotic symptoms also associated with schizophrenia, such as hallucinations and delusions, coupled with severe mood symptoms such as depression or mania. It’s hard to come up with an exact definition of this disorder, as it is not understand as well as some other mental health disorders, since it is a mix of many different mental health conditions that affects each individual differently.

Individuals with schizoaffective disorder who are not properly treated will soon suffer negative consequences as a result of the intrusive symptoms. Some individuals with this disorder may rely heavily on family or loved ones in order to function properly throughout their lives. Psychotic symptoms that commonly occur with this disorder affect many cognitive functions such as thinking, decision making, concentrating, memory, and problem solving skills. Additionally, individuals may experience bizarre delusions, disorganized speech, and paranoia. While these symptoms are not always present, individuals with this disorder have difficulty distinguishing what is real, and as a result, they have a hard time functioning in society. They have difficulty holding jobs, succeeding at school, or having successful social relationships.

Most cases of schizoaffective disorder occur after the age of 13, with most cases diagnosed in early adulthood. Although this is an extremely serious disorder, newer medications for schizophrenia and mood disorders, in addition to proven psychotherapeutic techniques, are effective in helping manage the consequences and effects of the disorder. This has led to much more successful treatment options for a disorder that is known for being challenging to treat. In general, medication is prescribed by licensed physicians in order to stabilize the extreme mood states and help control the psychotic symptoms. While only one medication, the antipsychotic drug paliperidone (Invega), has been approved by the FDA for treating this condition, there are a number of others used for similar conditions or conditions with shared symptomatology that are often successfully used to help those with this disorder re-establish a normal and fulfilling life.

Statistics

Schizoaffective disorder statistics

Research has shown that the lifetime prevalence rate for schizoaffective disorder has been estimated at about 0.3 %. It has also been shown that higher rates of this disorder have been found in women than in men, which may be due to the fact that women suffer from higher rates of depression. There are also differences in the way schizoaffective disorder presents in men and women. Men report having more psychotic symptoms and a longer illness duration. Women tend to experience more mood symptoms for a shorter period of time.

Co-occurring Disorders

Schizoaffective disorder and co-occurring disorders

It is not uncommon for those with schizoaffective disorder to also have co-occurring conditions. Some of these may include:

  • Substance abuse disorders
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Schizotypal disorder
  • Adjustment disorders
  • Personality disorders
  • ADHD
  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Bipolar disorder
Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and risk factors of schizoaffective disorder

The exact cause for the development of schizoaffective disorder in some individuals is not well-understood, but there are some potential causes that have been hypothesized. Some of these theories include:

Genetic: Those with first-degree relatives who have schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder are at higher risk for development of this disorder than those who don’t have a family history of schizoaffective disorder or schizophrenia.

Brain Chemistry: Certain chemicals in the brain that are responsible for the communication between neurons, called neurotransmitters, have been linked to schizoaffective disorder. More specifically, the neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin are linked to regulating mood. It has been suggested that when these neurotransmitters are out of balance, it may contribute to the development of schizoaffective disorder.

Prenatal Development: Finally, some evidence has been found that suggests exposure to toxins or viruses in the womb may contribute to the later development of this disorder. It is also possible that birth complications may be related to the development of schizoaffective disorder.

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of schizoaffective disorder

There is a wide variety of signs and symptoms associated with schizoaffective disorder that will vary with the severity of the illness and from person to person. . Some of the symptoms of schizoaffective disorder may include:

Mood symptoms: 

  • Depression
  • Euphoria
  • Mania
  • Irritability
  • Anger outbursts
  • Anxiety
  • Flat, expressionless gaze
  • Inability to cry or express joy
  • Inappropriate laughter or crying

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Trouble falling asleep
  • Extreme reactions to criticism
  • Self-harm behaviors
  • Extreme behaviors such as coma-like daze or hyperactivity

Physical symptoms:

  • Increase or decrease in energy
  • Behavioral responses that are out of character for the individual
  • Speaking too slowly or too quickly to be understood
  • Catatonia
  • Agitation
  • Poor hygiene, disregard for physical appearance
  • Increased or decreased appetite
  • Weight gain or weight loss

Psychological symptoms:

  • Bizarre thoughts or perceptions
  • Paranoia
  • Hallucinations
  • Delusions
  • Disorganized thinking
  • Thoughts of suicide or homicide
  • Problems with attention
  • Poor memory
  • Confusion
  • Decreased concentration
Effects

Effects of schizoaffective disorder

Individuals with this condition are likely to experience a number of different effects depending upon the severity of the illness and the individual’s response to the mental illness. The effects of schizoaffective disorder may include:

  • Relationship problems
  • Disruption in normal daily activities
  • Development of substance addiction
  • Increased suicide risk
  • Job loss or expulsion from school
  • Increased need for medical services and care
  • Social isolation
  • Impulsive behaviors and emotions
  • Incarceration
  • Suicidal thoughts and behaviors
  • Homicidal thoughts and behaviors

I went into Delta Specialty Hospital at the lowest and most difficult time of my schizoaffective disorder and they treated me with great care. I am continuing my medication and my psychotherapy with them.

– Former Patient
Trusted Excellence
  • Memphis Chamber of Commerce
  • National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI)
  • Professional Network on Aging
  • Tennessee Hospital Association
  • Tennessee Suicide Prevention Network
  • The Joint Commission (JCAHO) Gold Seal of Approval
  • The Jason Foundation