Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19
As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Delta Specialty Hospital to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, on-site visitation is no longer allowed at Delta Specialty Hospital.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • We are offering visitation through telehealth services so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services are being vetted and may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit

Bipolar Disorder Signs, Symptoms & Effects

Delta Specialty Hospital helps individuals struggling with a mental health disorder build a strong foundation for long-term recovery. Serving Memphis, TN, Delta is the leading provider of mental health treatment.

Understanding Bipolar Disorder

Learn about bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder, commonly called “manic depression” is a mental illness that is characterized by intense mood swings, multiple episodes of depression and one (or more) episodes of mania. Affecting 2.5% of the United States (or 6 million people), bipolar disorder is the fifth leading cause of disability worldwide. Bipolar disorders account for three different, yet related, types of mental illness, including bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, and cyclothymia. These disorders vary in the amount of mood swings, the level of depression or mania, and the length of symptomatology.

Bipolar I disorder requires that an individual has at least one manic episode and depressive episodes. These manic episodes can cause abnormally elevated mood and odd behavior that can disrupt daily life. Individuals with bipolar I often cycle between mania and depression, but may experience relatively normal states in between.

Bipolar II disorder is similar to bipolar I in that this mental illness involves moods cycling from high to lower over time. However, for individuals who struggle with bipolar II, the episodes of depression and mania (called “hypomanic episodes” for individuals with bipolar II) are never low or high enough to meet the criteria for bipolar I.

Cyclothymia (or cyclothymic disorder) is the mildest form of bipolar disorder in which episodes of hypomania cycle with mild depression for at least two years, but are not severe enough to be considered bipolar I or bipolar II.

Some individuals have rapid-cycling bipolar disorder, which occurs when an individual has four or more mixed episodes of major depression, mania, hypomania, or mixed symptoms within the span of a year. Rapid-cycling bipolar disorder tends to be more common in individuals with severe bipolar disorder. A mixed state is the combination of depressive symptoms with the energy of mania, which can be an especially dangerous combination for many individuals.

If left untreated, bipolar disorder often worsens with time as the number and length of cycles may become more frequent and severe. As many individuals do not recognize the symptoms of bipolar disorder immediately, there may be a delay in treatment. Additionally, many people with bipolar disorder are reluctant to seek treatment for their illness.


Bipolar disorder statistics

In the United States, bipolar disorder affects about 2.5% of the population, or about 6 million people. Most people are diagnosed with bipolar disorder in their teens or early adulthood. Alarmingly, the suicide rate for individuals who have bipolar disorder is 15 times higher than that of the general population.

Co-occurring Disorders

Bipolar disorder and co-occurring disorders

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that often occurs in the presence of other disorders. Common co-occurring disorders include:

  • Substance abuse
  • Alcoholism
  • Anxiety disorders
  • ADHD
  • Conduct disorders
  • Disruptive disorders
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Migraine headaches
Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and risk factors of bipolar disorder

The precise cause for the development of bipolar disorders remains unknown. It is thought that bipolar disorder is the result of a number of factors working interchangeably. These factors include:

Genetic: Bipolar disorder often runs in families so researchers are looking into the relationship between genetics and bipolar disorder. It is known that children who have a parent or sibling with bipolar disorder are six times more likely to develop bipolar disorder than others with no history of the disorder.

Brain Chemistry: There are differences in the brain scans of individuals who have bipolar disorder and those who do not.

Psychological: Many individuals who struggle with bipolar disorder have a co-occurring mental illness. Often, these individuals will attempt to self-medicate the symptoms of the mental illness using drugs or alcohol, which can lead to substance abuse problems.

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder

The symptoms of bipolar disorders will vary upon the specific type of bipolar disorder and the person who is struggling with the condition. Symptoms have been broken down into those experienced during a manic phase or depressive phase.

Mania/Hypomania Symptoms (less acute in those with bipolar disorder):

  • Speaking loudly
  • Feeling high
  • Behaving jumpy or wired
  • Easily distracted
  • Taking on new projects
  • Restlessness
  • Unrealistic belief in one’s ability
  • Acting impulsively
  • Overly happy, outgoing mood
  • Irritable mood
  • Increased energy
  • Decreased need for sleep
  • Inflated self-image
  • Increased libido
  • Risky sexual behaviors
  • Substance use and abuse
  • Rapid, pressured speech
  • Speech and thought flying from one thing to the next
  • Extreme spending

Depressive Symptoms:

  • Feeling tired
  • Extreme worries
  • Feeling empty
  • Loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Restlessness
  • Irritability
  • Change in eating, sleeping, or other habits
  • Feeling “slowed down”
  • Thoughts of death and suicide

During very severe episodes of mania or depression, an individual who has bipolar disorder may also experience a far more disturbing condition: psychosis. Psychosis is a state of detachment from reality that can occur for a short or long while. Psychosis from bipolar disorder can manifest in two forms:

  • Delusions – the strong attachment to incorrect but very realistic beliefs
  • Hallucination – any sensory perception that is experienced with a lack of stimuli

Effects of bipolar disorder

The effects of untreated bipolar disorder can be shattering, leaving virtually no part of life unaffected. The effects can range in intensity from minor to devastating depending on the individual. If an individual seeks treatment for bipolar disorder before the manic and depressive episodes have grown more severe, the effects for that person may be much milder. Weeks upon months of unpredictable behavior can take its toll on loved ones, co-workers, friends, and family of individuals with untreated bipolar disorder, as the person may become unreliable during these states.

The most common effects of untreated bipolar disorder include the following:

  • Job loss
  • Economic ruin
  • Loss of interpersonal relationships
  • STD’s from unprotected, risky sexual escapades
  • Other medical conditions
  • Substance addiction
  • Alcoholism
  • Consequences from high-risk manic behaviors
  • Worsening symptoms of bipolar disorder
  • Self-harm – cutting, burning, or other forms of self-mutilation
  • Suicidal ideation
  • Suicide

Delta Specialty Hospital’s treatment plans take into consideration each client's specific needs. With their guidance and support, they were able to help me get my bipolar symptoms under control and am now much more optimistic about the future!

– Former Patient
Trusted Excellence
  • Memphis Chamber of Commerce
  • National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI)
  • Professional Network on Aging
  • Tennessee Hospital Association
  • Tennessee Suicide Prevention Network
  • The Joint Commission (JCAHO) Gold Seal of Approval
  • The Jason Foundation